A mixture of two or more substances in a single phase.
One constituent is usually regarded as solvent and others as solutes.
Parts of Solutions:
Solute – the part of a solution that is being dissolved
Solvent – the part of a solution that dissolves the solute
Solid Sol: Pearl
Solid Foam: Marshmallow
Foam: Whipped Cream
Solid Aerosol: Dust
|Dispersing medium||Dispersed phase||Name|
- Dispersing medium (external phase) – the constituent found in the greater extent in the colloid.
- Dispersed phase (internal phase) – the constituent found in the lesser extent.
- A further classification is as lyophilic (solvent attracting), lyophobic (solvent repelling) or association colloids (a mixture of the two).
- If water is the dispersing medium, it is often known as a hydrosol.
The mixture is also called a colloidal solution, colloidal system, or colloidal dispersion. The three forms in which all matter exists are solid, liquid or gas. Colloidal systems can be any combination of these states.
A colloidal system is not a true solution but it is not a suspension either because it does not settle out like a suspension will over time.
Colloids are larger than most inorganic molecules and remain suspended indefinitely. They are large molecules, such as proteins, or groups of molecules. They have many properties, depending on their large specific surface.
Colloid formation can be classified in two systems, namely reversible and irreversible. In an irreversible system, the products are so stable or removed so well that the original reactants cannot be reproduced. A reversible system is one in which the products can be made to react to reproduce the original reactants.